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BARIATRIC PROCEDURES

 

Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric Bypass Benefits

Gastric Bypass Risks

Laparoscopic Gastric Banding

Gastric Band Benefits & Risks

Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Benefits & Risks

Intragastric Balloon Surgery

Surgery Comparison Chart

PATIENT INFORMATION

 

Bariatric Surgery and Diabetes

Childhood Obesity

Obesity Health Risks

Obesity and Cancer

Obesity and Fertility

Obesity and Pregnancy

Surgery Risks

Preparation Required

Nutritional Guidelines

Post Operative Food Issues

Golden Rules

FAQ's

Glossary

 

Bariatric Surgery Glossary

Quick Reference Guide to Technical Terms Associated with Bariatric Surgeries

Absorption
The process in which digested food is absorbed by the lower part of the small intestine into the bloodstream.

Adipose
Tissue made up of mainly fat cells.

Bariatric
A term having to do with weight or weight reduction.

Body Mass Index (BMI)
A method of figuring out the degree of excess weight, based on weight and height.

Cardiovascular
A term referring to the heart and blood vessels.

Co-morbid Condition
This is a disease or disorder related to a primary condition.

Colon
The part of the large intestine that starts at the end of the small intestine and ends at the rectum.

Contraindications
Any symptom or circumstance, such as substance abuse, emotional health issues, or other health conditions, that causes a healthcare professional to not recommend a treatment.

Criteria
A standard on which a judgement or decision may be based.

Digestion
A process in which food is broken down into absorbable forms by the stomach and upper small intestine.

Dilation
The process of enlarging or further opening a passage or anastomosis.

Disease
A process that is a hazard to health and/or longevity.

Divided Gastric Bypass Surgery
A surgical operation that provides a way to manage clinically severe obesity.

Dumping Syndrome
An uncomfortable episode of nausea, lightheadedness, upset stomach, vomiting, and/or diarrhea, related to ingestion of high-sugar, high-fat foods or liquids that can occur after certain bariatric surgeries, such as gastric bypass.

Duodenum
The first 12 inches of small intestine immediately below the stomach. Bile and pancreatic fluids flow into the duodenum from the liver and pancreas.

Excess Weight
Excess weight is the difference between the patientís actual weight and a healthy weight.

Gastric
A term having to do with the stomach.

Gastric Banding Surgery
This is a restrictive surgical procedure during which a silicone band is placed around the stomach, creating a small pouch. The band includes a balloon that is filled with a nontoxic fluid, most commonly a saline solution; adjustments are performed by a healthcare professional who accesses the balloon via a subcutaneous port.

Gastric Bypass Surgery
This surgical procedure uses both malabsorption and restriction. During gastric bypass, the operating surgeon uses part of the stomach to form a small stomach pouch and reroutes a part of the small intestine. There are several variations of gastric bypass surgery including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, extensive gastric bypass, and very long-limb gastric bypass.

Gastrointestinal
This term describes the entire digestive tract.

Gastroplasty
A surgical procedure for morbid obesity that changes the shape of the stomach.

Genetic
This term pertains to inherited characteristics.

Hernia
A weakness in the tissue of the abdominal wall that results in a detectable bulge.

Herniation
A process in which a hernia is formed.

Hydration
The condition of having adequate fluid in the body tissue.

Hypertension
This is a term for high blood pressure.

Ileum
The 10 feet of small intestine responsible for absorption.

Jejunum
The 10 feet of small intestine responsible for digestion.

Kilogram
A measure of weight equal to 2.2 pounds.

Laparoscopy
A method that allows a doctor to see and treat intra-abdominal problems with long fiber-optic instruments.

Morbid
This term refers to disease or illness.

Morbid Obesity
A Body Mass Index of 40 or greater, which is roughly equal to 45 kg or more over ideal body weight, or a Body Mass Index of 35 or greater with one or more co-morbid condition; these weight levels can be life-threatening.

Mortality
A term having to do with death.

Multidisciplinary Bariatric Programme
A team approach to testing and treatment of clinically severe obesity. It includes surgical, internal medicine, nutrition, psychiatric, exercise physiology, assessment, and treatment.

Obesity
A term having to do with excessive weight or adipose tissue.

Obstruction
The narrowing of an anastomosis or a part of the gastrointestinal tract that slows down the normal passage of food or waste.

Psychotherapy
The testing and treatment of emotional disorders.

Pulmonary
A term having to do with the lungs.

Resolution
The complete relief from symptoms of a disease or disorder, such that medical tests do not detect its existence.

Relative Risk
The comparison of how likely an event is to occur to a person versus another person.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery
A surgical method of reconnecting the stomach and upper small intestine in a Y- shape.

Staples
Surgically sterile staples, similar in look and function to those used to fasten paper, for connecting tissue. Staples are usually permanent and made of stainless steel or titanium.

Strictures
The narrowing of anastomosis or a section of intestine that is often related to scarring or ulcers.

Therapy
The treatment of a disorder.

Type 2 Diabetes
A disorder of glucose and insulin metabolism.

Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
A type of surgical procedure to treat morbid obesity that changes the shape of and restricts the stomach. This procedure is not performed very often.

 
 
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